After 7 African countries confirmed cases of coronavirus within their borders, South Africans have been frantically searching for answers about the disease, also called COVID-19.
Here are the most frequently searched questions in South Africa, with their answers:
1. What is coronavirus?
Coronavirus is named after the Latin word “corona” which means crown because of its sun-like spikes when viewed under a microscope.
Coronavirus has been around for a while and has caused serious outbreaks of illnesses, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) which was first reported in Asia in February 2003, and Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome (MERS) which was identified in Saudi-Arabia in 2012.
This new outbreak is a completely new strain, causing a new disease, recently named Covid-19.
In a nutshell, the illness is called Covid-19, caused by a new strain of coronavirus (called SARS-Cov-2, because of its genetic similarity to the virus that caused the SARS outbreak).
2. What causes coronavirus infection?
Here it’s assumed that “coronavirus” as a search term refers to the disease itself (Covid-19). Covid-19 is caused by the new strain of coronavirus called SARS-Cov-2.
3. How did the new coronavirus outbreak start?
The first case of the disease caused by this new virus was reported in December 2019. A patient in Wuhan city, China, reportedly complained of symptoms similar to pneumonia and visited a local hospital. Within days, other patients presented with similar symptoms, and officials started investigating this new illness.
It is believed that the first patient caught the virus at a wildlife and seafood market in Wuhan city centre.
4. How is coronavirus spread?
Scientists have determined coronaviruses to be mostly zoonotic (a disease that spreads from animals to humans). The origin of SARS was found to be bats and civet cats, while MERS was traced back to the dromedary camel.
While the origin of the new disease was found to be a seafood market in Wuhan, scientists were not initially sure if there was clear evidence of human-to-human contact. But earlier this year, Chinese health officials confirmed that human-to-human transmission was now the main cause of transmission.
We now know that the virus spreads quite easily through respiratory droplets; through person-to-person contact within a 1.8m radius; and by touching a surface where the virus has landed and then touching one’s mouth, nose or eyes. Spreading via surfaces, however, seems less common.
5. How to prevent coronavirus infection?
We are currently being bombarded by information on how to prevent infection by the coronavirus, which ranges from the sensible (e.g. washing hands) to the bizarre (e.g. eating onions and garlic).
The World Health Organization (WHO) states that the best way to prevent spreading the SARS-Cov-2 virus that causes the Covid-19 disease is to wash your hands regularly and thoroughly, avoid touching your face with unclean hands; keeping your distance from people who are showing symptoms; and coughing and sneezing into the crook of your elbow to avoid spreading droplets onto your hands.
6. How many people have died from coronavirus infection?
To date, 3 286 deaths have been reported from 95 488 cases worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, 80% of all cases present with mild symptoms, while the rest require hospitalisation due to more serious respiratory symptoms. Among the more serious cases, there is a 3.4% mortality rate, while the rest recover.
7. Has the coronavirus appeared in South Africa?
There has been one confirmed case of the Covid-19 virus in South Africa. Dr Zweli Mkhize recently confirmed that a man from Kwa-Zulu Natal tested positive for the virus. The patient had returned from Italy with his family on 1 March 2020 and swiftly sought medical attention after displaying symptoms.
The National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) stated that they have so far tested 181 persons for the Covid-19 and the virus causing Covid-19, and that all those tests have come back negative.
Two South Africans working on a Japanese cruise ship contracted Covid-19, but fully recovered, according to News24.
8. What are the symptoms of coronavirus infection?
The most common symptoms listed by the WHO are:
- Dry cough
Other symptoms may include:
- Muscle aches
- Nasal congestion
- Sore through
9. Where has the coronavirus spread to?
According to reports, the virus has spread to 83 more countries besides China. Here is an extensive map listing all the affected countries.
10. Where does the coronavirus come from?
Coronaviruses have always been around, even before the current outbreak.
Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people. Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans.
Sad news is that the current coronavirus outbreak may not be the last, as, according to the WHO, there are several known coronaviruses circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
Skeem Saam’s Koko Mantsha death dismissed as fake news
Koko Mantsha, the popular Skeem Saam character acto, real name, Lydia Mokgokoloshi is not dead.
Social media is awash with news of her death which seems to have been fuelled by fake news sites aiming to profit from unsuspecting lovers of the 80 year-old veteran actress.
Lydia Mokgokoloshi, has appeared in many television shows including Muvhango and Bophelo ke semphego.
Mokgokoloshi was born on 27 September 1939, in Polokwane, Polokwane Local Municipality, Capricorn District Municipality, Limpopo.
She is most famous for acting as Koko Mantsha the grandmother of Katlego Pietersen (Patrick Seleka) in the soap, Skeem Saam.
Tweets and reports that Mme Lydia Mokgokoloshi has passed are FALSE
Nkoko Mantsha, as she is affectionately known to Skeem Saam fans, is alive.
The FB page reporting this is NOT an SABC creates page. pic.twitter.com/mGcpWASpqf
— Kgopolo (@PhilMphela) July 24, 2021
Watch: Thulani Dlomo an alleged ‘Zuma spy’, hands himself in
Thulani Dlomo, the axed former SSA top spy and former SA ambassador to Japan has handed himself over to police on Friday.
Dlomo’s lawyer Philani Shangase said that he handed himself over at his own will at the Durban Central Police station on Friday.
He said Dlomo was not arrested but wanted to clear his name following media reports.
Dlomo was being interviewed by police officers at 17h00 on Friday.
“He has denied all wrong doing,” Shangase said.
Dlomo was suspected to be one of the instigators of the unrest in KwaZulu-Natal and Gauteng.
This is a developing story.
Residents warned against consuming dead fish washing up at Umhlanga and Umdloti beaches – video
The eThekwini Municipality has sent out a warning to residents against collecting and consuming dead fish and crayfish that have washed up on the beaches of Umhlanga and Umdloti, north of Durban.
The public has been asked to refrain from fishing, surfing and swimming on the beaches after a video of the dead fish on the beaches emerged on social media.
The municipality said it was investigating what caused the marine life to die.
“It is considered serious and can affect one’s health if collected and consumed.”
According to reports, run-off water and chemicals reached the ocean through storm water drains after firefighters battled a blaze at a chemical plant at Cornubia started by looters on Tuesday.
“The public is advised to refrain from all recreational activities, including fishing or surfing, bait collection and picking up of dead species in this area,” said the municipality.
“Collecting or harvesting of any marine living resource in the area is temporarily prohibited until the cause is determined and the threat has abated.
“Authorities are investigating the source of the pollution and cleanup companies are trying to contain the spill.”
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